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The greenhouse gas effect is fundamentally a natural phenomenon. However, emissions of greenhouse gases related to human activity accentuates this phenomenon and is the likely cause of climate change.
There are many effects of climate change, and they have resulted in a dual strategic approach: of "mitigation" or the reduction of energy consumption and associated greenhouse gas emissions, and of "adaptation", in cities in particular, in order to limit the consequences of climate change on health, quality of life, patrimony and infrastructure. These aspects are even more accentuated for a city like Brussels, which is characterised by a (nocturnal) urban heat island effect.